Sodium, blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease: Further evidence supporting the American Heart Association sodium reduction recommendations

Paul K. Whelton*, Lawrence J. Appel, Ralph L. Sacco, Cheryl A M Anderson, Elliott M. Antman, Norman Campbell, Sandra B. Dunbar, Edward D. Frohlich, John E. Hall, Mariell Jessup, Darwin R. Labarthe, Graham A. Macgregor, Frank M. Sacks, Jeremiah Stamler, Dorothea K. Vafiadis, Linda V. Van Horn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

258 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent reports of selected observational studies and a meta-analysis have stirred controversy and have become the impetus for calls to abandon recommendations for reduced sodium intake by the US general population. A detailed review of these studies documents substantial methodological concerns that limit the usefulness of these studies in setting, much less reversing, dietary recommendations. Indeed, the evidence base supporting recommendations for reduced sodium intake in the general population remains robust and persuasive. The American Heart Association is committed to improving the health of all Americans through implementation of national goals for health promotion and disease prevention, including its recommendation to reduce dietary sodium intake to <1500 mg/d.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2880-2889
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume126
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2012

Keywords

  • AHA scientific statements
  • Diet
  • Prevention
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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