Two types of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), with thin Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 (SDC) or 8 mol% Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) electrolytes, were fabricated and tested with iso-octane/air fuel mixtures. An additional Ru-CeO2 catalyst layer, placed between the fuel stream and the anode, was needed to obtain a stable output power density without anode coking. Thermodynamic analysis and catalysis experiments showed that H2 and CO were primary reaction products at ≈750 °C, but that these decreased and H2O and CO2 increased as the operating temperature dropped below ≈600 °C. Power densities for YSZ cells were 0.7 W cm-2 at 0.7 V and 790 °C, and for SDC cells were 0.6 W cm-2 at 0.6 V and 590 °C. Limiting current behavior was observed due to the relatively low (≈20%) H2 content in the reformed fuel.
- Partial oxidation
- Solid oxide fuel cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering