The resistive pulse method based on measuring the ion current trace as a biomolecule passing through a nanopore has become an important tool in biotechnology for characterizing molecules. A detailed physical understanding of the translocation process is essential if one is to extract the relevant molecular properties from the current signal. In this Perspective, we review some recent progress in our understanding of hydrodynamic flow and transport through nanometer sized pores. We assume that the problems of interest can be addressed through the use of the continuum version of the equations of hydrodynamic and ion transport. Thus, our discussion is restricted to pores of diameter greater than about ten nanometers: such pores are usually synthetic. We address the fundamental nanopore hydrodynamics and ion transport mechanisms and review the wealth of observed phenomena due to these mechanisms. We also suggest future ionic circuits that can be synthesized from different ionic modules based on these phenomena and their applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry