Solidification theory for concrete creep. I: Formulation

Zdenek P. Bazant, Santosh Prasannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

330 Scopus citations


The paper presents a new general constitutive law for creep in which the aging due to continuing hydration of cement is taken into account in a manner that is both simpler and physically better justified than in existing theories. Micromechanical analysis of the solidification process is used to show that the aging may be modeled as a growth of the volume fraction of load-bearing solidified matter (hydrated cement), which itself is treated as nonaging and thus is describable as a nonaging viscoelastic material. The analysis shows that a history integral should be used to express the rate, rather than the total value, of the viscoelastic strain component. Material functions can be chosen in a way that yields previously established simple laws, i.e., the double power law, logarithmic law and log-double power law, as special asymptotic cases. The creep strain is obtained as a sum of aging and nonaging viscoelastic strains and an aging viscous strain (flow). Nonlinearity is introduced by modifying the current creep rate as a function of the current stress. Verification by test results and numerical application is left to Part II, which follows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1691-1703
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Solidification theory for concrete creep. I: Formulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this