Published risk stratification models of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) have been associated with distant metastases outside the central nervous system (CNS), but have not been studied for tumors occurring in the CNS. In a retrospective review, we identified 72 cases of solitary fibrous tumor or hemangiopericytoma (HPC) diagnosed between January 2011 and December 2020 at our institution. The tumors involved the central nervous system (N = 17), thoracic cavity (N = 28), and extrathoracic sites (N = 27). The risk of local recurrence, distant metastasis, or death at 5 years was 57% (95% CI 23%, 76%) in the CNS, 24% (95% CI 2%, 41%) in the thoracic cavity, and 13% (95% CI 0%, 25%) in extrathoracic sites. By contrast, the risk of distant metastasis or death at 5 years was 13% (95% CI 0%, 29%) in CNS primaries, 5% (95% CI 0%, 14%) in thoracic primaries, and 14% (95% CI 0%, 27%) in extrathoracic primaries. Using the published 3- and 4-variable risk stratification models by Demicco et al., we retrospectively assessed our cases for risk of local recurrence, distant metastasis, and death. For tumors outside the CNS, we show that three- and four-variable risk stratification models were associated with recurrence-free survival in addition to the previously known association with distant metastasis (all P < 0.05). In contrast, inside the CNS, we show that neither risk model is a significantly associated with clinical behavior, and that WHO grade is likely the best available prognostic tool, though none of the differences were significant. The lack of significant differences can be likely explained by the younger median age (47 years vs 61 years) and smaller median tumor size (3.5 cm vs 5.6 cm), downgrading the risk stratification scores in CNS compared to non-CNS primaries. In conclusion, existing risk stratification models of SFT are not associated with clinical behavior for tumors arising inside the CNS, but are associated with local recurrence in addition to distant metastasis outside the CNS.
- Local recurrence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology