Soluble human urokinase receptor is composed of two active units

Abd Al Roof Higazi*, Andrew Mazar, Jieyi Wang, Nancy Quan, Robert Griffin, Regina Reilly, Jack Henkin, Douglas B. Cines

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism by which single-chain urokinase (scuPA) hinds to its receptor (uPAR) is incompletely understood. We report that a fragment comprising the first domain of recombinant soluble uPAR (sDI) as well as a fragment comprising the remaining domains (sDII-DIII) competes with the binding of recombinant full-length soluble uPAR (suPAR) to scuPA with an IC50 = 253 nm and an IC50 = 1569, respectively. sDII-III binds directly to scuPA with K(d) = 238 nM. Binding of scuPA to each fragment also induces the expression of plasminogen activator activity. sDI and sDII-DIII (200 nM each) induced activity equal to 66 and 36% of the maximum activity induced by full-length suPAR (5 nM), respectively. Each fragment also stimulates the binding of scuPA to cells lacking endogenous uPAR. Although scuPA binds to sDI and to sDII-DIII through its amino-terminal fragment, the fragments act synergistically to inhibit the binding of suPAR and to stimulate plasminogen activator activity. Furthermore, sDII-DIII retards the velocity and alters the pattern of cleavage of sDI by chymotrypsin. These results suggest that binding of scuPA to more than one epitope in suPAR is required for its optimal activation and association with cell membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5348-5353
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Higazi, A. A. R., Mazar, A., Wang, J., Quan, N., Griffin, R., Reilly, R., Henkin, J., & Cines, D. B. (1997). Soluble human urokinase receptor is composed of two active units. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 272(8), 5348-5353. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.272.8.5348