Soluble syndecan-1 (sCD138) as a prognostic factor independent of mutation status in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia

I. Jilani, C. Wei, B. N. Bekele, Z. J. Zhang, M. Keating, W. Wierda, A. Ferrajoli, Z. Estrov, H. Kantarjian, S. M. O'Brien, F. J. Giles, M. Albitar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Syndecan-1 (sCD138) is a transmembrane heparan sulfate-bearing proteoglycan expressed in epithelial cells as well as hematopoietic cells that demonstrate plasmacytoid differentiation. Higher levels of sCD138 correlate with poor outcome in myeloma. We examined the association of circulating sCD138 levels in plasma with clinical behavior in 104 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. sCD138 levels were significantly higher in patients (median, 52.8 ng/ml; range, 13.4-252.7 ng/ml) than in healthy control subjects (median, 19.86; range, 14.49-33.14 ng/ml) (P < 0.01). Elevated sCD138 (>median, 52.8 ng/ml) was associated with significantly shorter survival (P = 0.0004); this association was independent of IgVH mutation status, β2-microglobulin (β2-M) level, and treatment history. Patients with mutated IgVH but high sCD138 levels (>52.8 ng/ml) had significantly shorter survival than those with mutated IgVH and lower levels of sCD138. Similarly, patients with unmutated IgVH but high sCD138 levels had significantly shorter survival than those with lower sCD138 levels and unmutated IgVH (P = 0.007). In a multivariate Cox regression model, only Rai stage, β2-M, and sCD138 remained predictors of survival. These data suggest that sCD138 when combined with β2-M and Rai stage, may replace the need for testing IgVH mutation status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • CD138
  • CLL
  • IgVH
  • Prognosis
  • Survival
  • Syndecan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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