Solute-induced strengthening during creep of an aged-hardened Al-Mn-Zr alloy

Amir R. Farkoosh*, David C. Dunand, David N. Seidman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We examine the precipitation and creep behavior of Al-0.5Mn-0.02Si (at.%) alloys, with and without the L12-forming elements Zr and Er (0.09 and 0.05 at.%, respectively), utilizing isochronal aging experiments as well as compressive and tensile creep tests performed between 275 and 400 °C. The Al-0.5Mn-0.09Zr-0.05Er-0.05Si alloy exhibits an unusually high creep resistance in the peak-aged state, which is significantly better than that observed generally in its Mn-free L12-strengthened counterparts; for example, the creep threshold stresses at 300 °C are 34-37 MPa, about three times higher than those in a Mn-free Al-0.11Zr-0.005Er-0.02Si alloy. Scanning transmission electron microscopy illustrates that nanoscale Al3(Zr,Er) L12-precipitates are formed in the dendritic cores and micron-sized Al(Mn,Fe)Si α-precipitates in the interdendritic channels. Moreover, the Al(f.c.c.)-matrix remains supersaturated with randomly distributed Mn solute atoms, as determined by atom-probe tomography and electrical conductivity measurements, for months at creep temperatures. Creep experiments on the Zr- and Er-free Al-0.5Mn-0.02Si solid-solution alloy reveal a small primary creep strain, a high apparent stress exponent, na ∼9-7, and a threshold-stress-type behavior. After ruling out other possible mechanisms, we provide evidence that the threshold stress in this precipitate-free alloy originates from dislocation/solute elastic interactions leading to a strong drag force exerted on edge dislocations, hindering their ability to climb. The relatively high creep resistance of Al-0.5Mn-0.09Zr-0.05Er-0.05Si is interpreted in terms of the synergy between this solute-induced threshold stress (SITS, from Mn in solid-solution) and the known precipitate-bypass threshold stress (from the L12-nanoprecipitates).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117268
JournalActa Materialia
StatePublished - Oct 15 2021


  • Aluminum alloys
  • Creep
  • Edge dislocations
  • Impurity segregation
  • Solid solution strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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