Solution of the p(2 × 2) NiO(111) surface structure using direct methods

N. Erdman*, O. Warschkow, D. E. Ellis, L. D. Marks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


A solution for the p(2 × 2) NiO(111) surface reconstruction was obtained using direct methods applied to X-ray diffraction data. The solution was refined with 296 data points and 21 parameters using x2 minimization (x2 = 1.82, R = 0.17). The surface atoms showed very small relaxation from the bulk interatomic distances (Ni-Ni distances are 2.9 ±0.1 A; Ni-O-2.0 ±0.1 Å). The solution can be characterized by alternating close-packed layers of oxygen and nickel atoms: the top surface layer is nickel terminated with 3/4 of the nickel atoms missing, the next oxygen layer is completely full, and the third, nickel layer, has 1/4 of the nickel atoms missing. The structure is consistent with theoretical predictions of octopolar termination of the surface and exhibits the features observed by previous STM studies. In addition, local density functional calculations have been carried out in this work in order to gain insights into the surface charge distribution and electronic structure of the proposed reconstruction. Calculated partial atomic charges and magnetic moments as well as densities of state are reported. The cation deficient nature of the surface requires the presence of electron holes for charge compensation, which we find mainly located on second layer oxygen atoms. The structure differs from that recently reported for the same surface, and we are not able to reproduce the reported good fit to the (same) experimental data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalSurface Science
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 20 2000


  • Computer simulations
  • Faceting
  • Nickel oxides
  • Surface relaxation and reconstruction
  • X-ray scattering, diffraction, and reflection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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