South Asian (SA), including Asian Indian and Pakistani Americans, have a high burden of cardiometabolic risk factors and low levels of physical activity (PA). Increasing PA in the U.S. population is a national priority; however, SA American women and girls experience unique barriers to PA that are not addressed by current promotion efforts. To address this gap, our community-based participatory research partnership developed the South Asians Active Together (SAATH) intervention. This study is a two-arm randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effects, mediators, and implementation of the 18-week SAATH intervention. A total of 160 mother-daughter dyads will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the SAATH intervention and control groups. The intervention was designed for mother-daughter dyads and targets individual, interpersonal, and family levels through (1) group exercise classes, (2) mother-daughter discussions, and (3) peer group discussions. The intervention targets the environment level through community partner meetings aimed at creating environment changes to enhance PA opportunities for SA women and girls. The control group will receive PA education materials. We hypothesize that dyads who receive the intervention will have significantly greater increases in moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) from baseline to 4 months, compared to the control group. MVPA will be measured at 12 months in intervention participants to examine if changes are sustained. A process evaluation will use the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. This study will fill knowledge gaps about the effectiveness and implementation of culturally adapted, community-based PA interventions for SA women and girls.
- Community-based participatory research
- Physical activity
- Pragmatic trial
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)