Spatial Evolution of Histologic and Endoscopic Healing in the Left and Right Colon in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis

Sushrut Jangi*, Ariela K. Holmer, Parambir S. Dulai, Brigid Boland, Mark Valasek, Vipul Jairath, Brian G. Feagan, William J. Sandborn, Siddharth Singh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Despite increasing interest in histologic remission as a treatment target in ulcerative colitis (UC), the accuracy of histologic findings in left colon in detecting pancolonic histologic remission is unknown. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study of patients with endoscopically active pancolitis undergoing treat-to-target interventions, we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of left-sided (distal to splenic flexure) histologic and endoscopic findings on colonoscopy for detecting histologic and endoscopic healing elsewhere in the colon. Results: Of 86 patients with moderate to severely active pancolitis who underwent 2 consecutive colonoscopies during treat-to-target interventions, 38% and 51% achieved histologic and endoscopic remission, respectively. Substantial agreement (kappa, 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.51-0.83) was observed in histologic findings between left and right colon on follow-up colonoscopy. Histologic, and endoscopic, findings in left colon showed excellent accuracy in detecting pancolonic histologic remission (area under the curve (AUC), 0.96 [95% CI, 0.93-1.0]; misclassification rate, 5.9%), histologic normalization (AUC, 1.0, 0%), endoscopic improvement (AUC, 0.95 [0.96-1.0], 3.5%) and endoscopic remission (AUC, 0.98 [0.96-1.00], 5.8%), respectively. Conclusions: In patients with active pancolitis undergoing treat-to-target interventions, histologic and endoscopic findings in the left colon on colonoscopy have excellent accuracy for detecting pancolonic histologic remission, histologic normalization, endoscopic improvement, and endoscopic remission. Flexible sigmoidoscopy may suffice for monitoring histologic and endoscopic activity in patients with pancolitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e750-e760
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IBD
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • STRIDE
  • Treat-to-Target

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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