Spatial routes to gender wage (in)equality: Regional restructuring and wage differentials by gender and education

Leslie McCall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


I examine how different dimensions of restructuring are related to gender wage inequality. The analysis extends research on regional wage differentials to include differentials between men and women in two educational groups at opposite ends of the educational hierarchy. Relative wages across regional labor markets in the United States are modeled in a multilevel framework as outcomes of variation in economic conditions associated with restructuring. Using microdata from the 1990 PUMS-A 5 percent census files, as well as independent sources of macrodata on counties, I show that the direction of wage changes associated with each dimension of restructuring generally does not differ by gender or education. Wages are either higher or lower than the average labor market for all groups. However, there are significant differences in relative wages by gender and many important differences between the two educational groups in the spatial distribution of gender wage inequality. Several 'spatial routes' to gender wage equality emerge that differ from the dominant temporal explanations of the declining gender wage gap and differ according to the educational background of workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-404
Number of pages26
JournalEconomic Geography
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998


  • Class and educational difference
  • Economic restructuring
  • Gender wage gap
  • Regional wage differentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial routes to gender wage (in)equality: Regional restructuring and wage differentials by gender and education'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this