Spatially distributed modeling of landslide triggering

An approach based on principles of unsaturated soil plasticity

J. J. Lizárraga, Giuseppe Buscarnera, P. Frattini, G. B. Crosta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper discusses an analytical approach to define Factors of Safety (FS) for shallow slopes based on plasticity theories for unsaturated soils. The objective is to use such indices in landslide susceptibility analyses at the regional scale, thus gaining a mechanistic interpretation of the variability of the failure mode, as well as of the role of the evolving hydrologic state. For this purpose, two mechanisms of failure have been considered: uncoupled mechanisms due to drained frictional failure (here referred to as soil slips) and fully coupled mechanisms associated with an unstable pressurization of the pore fluid (here referred to as flowslides). For each scenario, expressions of FS have been derived in analytical form by identifying losses of uniqueness and/or existence of the deformation/wetting response predicted by a simple model for unsaturated sloping ground. To test the hypotheses, a dataset of landslides occurred in Southern Italy in 1998 has been used. For this purpose, the FS values have been combined with a hydrologic model to simulate pore pressure transients due to rain infiltration, thus enabling an integrated assessment of the spatially-distributed patterns of frictional slips and flow failures at regional scale. Preliminary results show the possibility to capture some of the main morphometric characteristics of these events, such as the overall distribution of types of failure with respect to slope angle and/or failure depth, suggesting that principles of unsaturated soil plasticity represent convenient tools to augment physicallybased models for landslide forecasting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLandslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice
EditorsLuciano Picarelli, Claudio Scavia, Stefano Aversa, Leonardo Cascini
PublisherTaylor and Francis Inc.
Pages1287-1294
Number of pages8
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9781138029880, 9781138029880, 9781138029880
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Event12th International Symposium on Landslides, 2016 - Napoli, Italy
Duration: Jun 12 2016Jun 19 2016

Other

Other12th International Symposium on Landslides, 2016
CountryItaly
CityNapoli
Period6/12/166/19/16

Fingerprint

plasticity
landslide
safety
modeling
soil
slope angle
wetting
pore pressure
infiltration
fluid
test
distribution
rain
index
loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Lizárraga, J. J., Buscarnera, G., Frattini, P., & Crosta, G. B. (2016). Spatially distributed modeling of landslide triggering: An approach based on principles of unsaturated soil plasticity. In L. Picarelli, C. Scavia, S. Aversa, & L. Cascini (Eds.), Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice (Vol. 2, pp. 1287-1294). Taylor and Francis Inc..
Lizárraga, J. J. ; Buscarnera, Giuseppe ; Frattini, P. ; Crosta, G. B. / Spatially distributed modeling of landslide triggering : An approach based on principles of unsaturated soil plasticity. Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice. editor / Luciano Picarelli ; Claudio Scavia ; Stefano Aversa ; Leonardo Cascini. Vol. 2 Taylor and Francis Inc., 2016. pp. 1287-1294
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Lizárraga, JJ, Buscarnera, G, Frattini, P & Crosta, GB 2016, Spatially distributed modeling of landslide triggering: An approach based on principles of unsaturated soil plasticity. in L Picarelli, C Scavia, S Aversa & L Cascini (eds), Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice. vol. 2, Taylor and Francis Inc., pp. 1287-1294, 12th International Symposium on Landslides, 2016, Napoli, Italy, 6/12/16.

Spatially distributed modeling of landslide triggering : An approach based on principles of unsaturated soil plasticity. / Lizárraga, J. J.; Buscarnera, Giuseppe; Frattini, P.; Crosta, G. B.

Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice. ed. / Luciano Picarelli; Claudio Scavia; Stefano Aversa; Leonardo Cascini. Vol. 2 Taylor and Francis Inc., 2016. p. 1287-1294.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - This paper discusses an analytical approach to define Factors of Safety (FS) for shallow slopes based on plasticity theories for unsaturated soils. The objective is to use such indices in landslide susceptibility analyses at the regional scale, thus gaining a mechanistic interpretation of the variability of the failure mode, as well as of the role of the evolving hydrologic state. For this purpose, two mechanisms of failure have been considered: uncoupled mechanisms due to drained frictional failure (here referred to as soil slips) and fully coupled mechanisms associated with an unstable pressurization of the pore fluid (here referred to as flowslides). For each scenario, expressions of FS have been derived in analytical form by identifying losses of uniqueness and/or existence of the deformation/wetting response predicted by a simple model for unsaturated sloping ground. To test the hypotheses, a dataset of landslides occurred in Southern Italy in 1998 has been used. For this purpose, the FS values have been combined with a hydrologic model to simulate pore pressure transients due to rain infiltration, thus enabling an integrated assessment of the spatially-distributed patterns of frictional slips and flow failures at regional scale. Preliminary results show the possibility to capture some of the main morphometric characteristics of these events, such as the overall distribution of types of failure with respect to slope angle and/or failure depth, suggesting that principles of unsaturated soil plasticity represent convenient tools to augment physicallybased models for landslide forecasting.

AB - This paper discusses an analytical approach to define Factors of Safety (FS) for shallow slopes based on plasticity theories for unsaturated soils. The objective is to use such indices in landslide susceptibility analyses at the regional scale, thus gaining a mechanistic interpretation of the variability of the failure mode, as well as of the role of the evolving hydrologic state. For this purpose, two mechanisms of failure have been considered: uncoupled mechanisms due to drained frictional failure (here referred to as soil slips) and fully coupled mechanisms associated with an unstable pressurization of the pore fluid (here referred to as flowslides). For each scenario, expressions of FS have been derived in analytical form by identifying losses of uniqueness and/or existence of the deformation/wetting response predicted by a simple model for unsaturated sloping ground. To test the hypotheses, a dataset of landslides occurred in Southern Italy in 1998 has been used. For this purpose, the FS values have been combined with a hydrologic model to simulate pore pressure transients due to rain infiltration, thus enabling an integrated assessment of the spatially-distributed patterns of frictional slips and flow failures at regional scale. Preliminary results show the possibility to capture some of the main morphometric characteristics of these events, such as the overall distribution of types of failure with respect to slope angle and/or failure depth, suggesting that principles of unsaturated soil plasticity represent convenient tools to augment physicallybased models for landslide forecasting.

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SN - 9781138029880

SN - 9781138029880

VL - 2

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BT - Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice

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PB - Taylor and Francis Inc.

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Lizárraga JJ, Buscarnera G, Frattini P, Crosta GB. Spatially distributed modeling of landslide triggering: An approach based on principles of unsaturated soil plasticity. In Picarelli L, Scavia C, Aversa S, Cascini L, editors, Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice. Vol. 2. Taylor and Francis Inc. 2016. p. 1287-1294