Spectrin rouen (β220-218), a novel shortened β-chain variant in a kindred with hereditary elliptocytosis: Characterization of the molecular defect as exon skipping due to a splice site mutation

Michel Garbarz, William T. Tse, Patrick G. Gallagher, Christiane Picat, Marie Christine Lecomte, Francis Galibert, Didier Dhermy, Bernard G. Forget

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The molecular defect responsible for the shortened β-spectrin chain variant, spectrin Rouen, was identified by analysis of cDNA and genomic DNA of affected individuals after amplification by the polymerase chain reaction. Peripheral blood reticulocyte RNA was transcribed into cDNA and amplified using primers corresponding to the 3' end of β-spectrin cDNA. Agarose gel electrophoresis of cDNA amplification products from affected individuals revealed the expected band of 391 bp as well as a shortened band of 341 bp. Nucleotide sequencing of the shortened cDNA amplification product revealed that the sequences corresponding to the penultimate exon of the β-spectrin gene (exon Y) were absent. This result was confirmed by hybridization of a Southern blot of amplification products with a labeled probe specific for exon Y. Nucleotide sequencing of the proband's amplified genomic DNA corresponding to this region of the β-spectrin gene revealed a mutation in the 5' donor consensus splice site of the intron downstream of the Y exon, TGG/GTGAGT to TGG/GTTAGT, in one allele. We postulate that this mutation leads to the splicing out or skipping of exon Y, thus producing a shortened β-spectrin chain. To our knowledge, this is the first documented example of exon skipping as the cause of a shortened β-spectrin chain in a case of hereditary elliptocytosis. The exon skip results in the loss of the 17 amino acids of exon Y and creates a frameshift with the synthesis of 33 novel amino acids prior to premature chain termination 14 residues upstream of the normal carboxy terminus of the β-spectrin chain, giving a mutant β-spectrin chain that is 31 amino acids shorter than the normal chain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • DNA sequence
  • Erythrocyte membrane skeleton
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Phosphorylation sites
  • Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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