Spectrum of Traumatic Brain Injury from Mild to Severe

Michael DeCuypere, Paul Klimo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) involves significant damage of the brain parenchyma, and is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality after trauma. It is thus essential for all physicians involved in acute care medicine and surgery to have a thorough understanding of TBI. Management of the patient with TBI is a rapidly advancing field, characterized by an improved understanding of intracranial pathophysiology and decreasing overall mortality largely because of improved neurocritical and surgical care. This article summarizes the classification system, management approaches, and recent controversies in the care of mild, moderate, and severe TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-957
Number of pages19
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral edema
  • Craniectomy
  • Intracranial pressure monitoring
  • Neurotrauma
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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