Spectrum sensing using cyclostationary spectrum density for cognitive radios

Zhuan Ye*, John Grosspietsch, Gokhan Memik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

60 Scopus citations


Cognitive radios (CR) are proposed to alleviate the spectrum scarcity problems facing wireless service providers. In US, the FCC is considering spectrum regulation changes by allowing unlicensed operation in the TV broadcast bands provided that no harmful interference is caused. In this paper, we discuss the spectrum sensing aspects of cognitive radios. We particularly focus on the detection method based on cyclostationary spectrum density (CSD) estimation. The advantage of CSD is its relative robustness against noise uncertainty compared with energy detection methods. CSD estimation is a two dimensional transformation; therefore it is computationally complex. We transform the algorithm from the two dimensional space to a one dimensional case, therefore making the real time implementation more feasible. Through analysis and simulation, we identify the features with highest SNR to be used for CSD based detection. Based on the simulation results, we further propose dedicated hardware implementation architecture for CSD estimation using field programmable logic array (FPGA). Our implementation can achieve greater than 90% detection probability on BPSK signals with SNR of -18 dB, when the probability of false alarm is less than 10%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2007 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems, SiPS 2007, Proceedings
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Event2007 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems, SiPS 2007 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Oct 17 2007Oct 19 2007


Other2007 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems, SiPS 2007


  • Cognitive radio
  • Cyclostationary spectrum density
  • FPGA
  • Signal detection
  • Spectrum sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Media Technology
  • Signal Processing


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