Speech perception of young children using nucleus 22-channel or CLARION® Cochlear Implants

N. M. Young*, V. N. Carrasco, K. M. Grohne, C. Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compares the auditory perceptual skill development of 23 congenitally deaf children who received the Nucleus 22-channel cochlear implant with the SPEAK speech coding strategy, and 20 children who received the CLARION® Multi-Strategy(TM) Cochlear Implant with the Continuous Interleaved Sampler (CIS) speech coding strategy. All were under 5 years old at implantation. Preimplantation, there were no significant differences between the groups in age, length of hearing aid use, or communication mode. Auditory skills were assessed at 6 months and 12 months after implantation. Postimplantation, the mean scores on all speech perception tests were higher for the Clarion group. These differences were statistically significant for the pattern perception and monosyllable subtests of the Early Speech Perception battery at 6 months, and for the Glendonald Auditory Screening Procedure at 12 months. Multiple regression analysis revealed that device type accounted for the greatest variance in performance after 12 months of implant use. We conclude that children using the CIS strategy implemented in the Clarion implant may develop better auditory perceptual skills during the first year postimplantation than children using the SPEAK strategy with the Nucleus device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume108
Issue number4 II
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Auditory skills
  • Children
  • Cochlear implant
  • Speech coding strategy
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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