Subnanosecond radical pair (RP) formation by electron transfer from an excited singlet state or by bond breaking produces two correlated spins coupled by their spin-spin exchange (J) and magnetic dipole (D) interactions. In the high magnetic field limit, the two-spin system can be described by a singlet state (S) and three triplet states (T0, T+1, T -1). When J is small relative to the electron Zeeman interaction, |T0〉 is the only triplet state that is populated by coherent spin mixing with the |S〉 state because the |T+1〉 and |T-1〉 states are well-separated from |S〉 by a large energy gap. Herein, we describe the spin dynamics for RPs having restricted geometries in which J is similar in magnitude to the electron Zeeman interaction and does not fluctuate significantly. Under these circumstances, depending on the sign of J, the energies of |T+1〉 or |T-1〉 are close to that of |S〉 so that weak isotropic electron-nuclear hyperfine coupling leads to population of |T+1〉 or |T-1〉. An approximate relationship for the triplet quantum yield is developed for a RP in the large J regime, where one or both electrons interact with nearby spin-1/2 nuclei. This relationship also yields the net spin polarization transfer to the nuclear spins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry