Spin-Polarized Molecular Triplet States as Qubits: Phosphorus Hyperfine Coupling in the Triplet State of Benzoisophosphinoline

Joseph A. Christensen, Jiawang Zhou, Nikolai A. Tcyrulnikov, Matthew D. Krzyaniak*, Michael R. Wasielewski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Advances in quantum information science (QIS) require the development of new molecular materials to serve as microwave addressable qubits that can be read out optically. Laser photoexcitation of organic π-conjugated molecules often results in spin-polarized phosphorescent triplet states that can be readily observed and manipulated using time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques. Photoexcitation of N-mesityl-1,8-naphthalimide (M-NMI) and its phosphorus analogues, 2-mesitylbenzoisophosphinoline (M-BIPD) and 2-mesitylbenzoisophosphinoline oxide (M-BIPDO) results in ultrafast spin-orbit charge-transfer intersystem crossing to form the corresponding phosphorescent triplet states M-3NMI, M-3BIPD and M-3BIPDO. The ultrafast triplet formation dynamics, phosphorescence, and spin-polarized EPR spectra of these triplet states were examined. The most promising qubit candidate, M-3BIPD, was examined using pulse-EPR to measure its spin relaxation times, and pulse electron-nuclear double resonance spectroscopy to perform a two-qubit CNOT gate using the phosphorus nuclear spin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7569-7574
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 17 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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