Spinal motor neuron protein supersaturation patterns are associated with inclusion body formation in ALS

Prajwal Ciryam*, Isabella A. Lambert-Smith, Daniel M. Bean, Rosie Freer, Fernando Cid, Gian Gaetano Tartaglia, Darren N. Saunders, Mark R. Wilson, Stephen G. Oliver, Richard I. Morimoto, Christopher M. Dobson, Michele Vendruscolo, Giorgio Favrin, Justin J. Yerbury

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a heterogeneous degenerative motor neuron disease linked to numerous genetic mutations in apparently unrelated proteins. These proteins, including SOD1, TDP-43, and FUS, are highly aggregation-prone and form a variety of intracellular inclusion bodies that are characteristic of different neuropathological subtypes of the disease. Contained within these inclusions are a variety of proteins that do not share obvious characteristics other than coaggregation. However, recent evidence from other neurodegenerative disorders suggests that diseaseaffected biochemical pathways can be characterized by the presence of proteins that are supersaturated, with cellular concentrations significantly greater than their solubilities. Here, we show that the proteins that form inclusions of mutant SOD1, TDP-43, and FUS are not merely a subset of the native interaction partners of these three proteins, which are themselves supersaturated. To explain the presence of coaggregating proteins in inclusions in the brain and spinal cord, we observe that they have an average supersaturation even greater than the average supersaturation of the native interaction partners in motor neurons, but not when scores are generated from an average of other human tissues. These results suggest that inclusion bodies in various forms of ALS result from a set of proteins that are metastable in motor neurons, and thus prone to aggregation upon a disease-related progressive collapse of protein homeostasis in this specific setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E3935-E3943
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 16 2017


  • Motor neuron disease
  • Protein aggregation
  • Protein homeostasis
  • Protein misfolding
  • Supersaturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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