Spinodal decomposition during aging of Fe-Ni-C martensites

K. A. Taylor*, L. Chang, G. B. Olson, G. D.W. Smith, M. Cohen, J. B.Vander Sande

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


A collaborative study of the aging of virgin Fe-Ni-C martensites has combined the techniques of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atom-probe field-ion microscopy (APFIM), and electrical resistometry. Aging at room temperature leads to the rapid development of a finescale structural modulation along 〈203 〉 lattice directions. Atom-probe analysis of Fe-15Ni-lC martensite reveals the formation of carbon-rich regions whose carbon concentration increases with time and approaches 11 at. pct C on prolonged aging. The early stage kinetics of this process are composition-dependent and are consistent with carbon-diffusion control. The morphological features of the aging reaction are explained by elastic strain-energy considerations. In accordance with previous thermodynamic models, it is concluded that virgin Fe-C martensites are unstable and that phase separation occurs by a spinodal mechanism. The martensitic substructure does not appear to exert any substantial influence on this decomposition behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2717-2737
Number of pages21
JournalMetallurgical Transactions A
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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