Spin–orbit induced magnetic phenomena in bulk metals and their surfaces and interfaces

Ruqian Wu*, Arthur J Freeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

216 Scopus citations


First-principles electronic structure studies based on local spin density functional theory and performed on extremely complex simulations of ever increasingly realistic systems, play a very important role in explaining and predicting surface and interface magnetism. This review deals with what is a major issue for first-principles theory, namely the theoretical/computational treatment of the weak spin–orbit coupling in magnetic transition metals and their alloys and its important physical consequences: magneto-crystalline anisotropy, magnetostriction, magneto-optical Kerr effects and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. As is demonstrated, extensive first-principles calculations and model analyses now provide simple physical insights and guidelines to search for new magnetic recording and sensor materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-514
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Oct 1 1999


  • Magneto-crystalline anisotropy
  • Magneto-optical Kerr effects
  • Magnetostriction
  • Spin–orbit coupling
  • X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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