Spiritual well-being, religious activity, and the metabolic syndrome: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study

Carrie E. Brintz*, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Maria M. Llabre, Sheila F. Castañeda, Martha L. Daviglus, Linda C. Gallo, Aida L. Giachello, Ryung S. Kim, Lenny Lopez, Yanping Teng, Frank J. Penedo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sociocultural risk and protective factors for developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), have not been well studied in Hispanics/Latinos residing in the United States (U.S.). Religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S), important aspects of Hispanic/Latino culture, have been inversely associated with CVD and multiple CVD risk factors. Cross-sectional associations between dimensions of R/S and prevalent MetS, and its five individual components were examined using multiple logistic and linear regression, among 3278 U.S., middle-aged and older Hispanic/Latino adults from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Dimensions of R/S were not associated with presence of the MetS. Certain dimensions of Spiritual Well-being (Meaning, Peace, Faith), and frequency of non-organizational religious activity were weakly but significantly associated with one or more MetS components including waist circumference, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure. R/S variables were not associated with triglycerides, fasting glucose or HDL cholesterol levels. Prospective, longitudinal studies are needed to gain a deeper understanding of the nature of the relationship between R/S and health risk factors in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)902-912
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Hispanic/Latino
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Religiosity
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Brintz, C. E., Birnbaum-Weitzman, O., Llabre, M. M., Castañeda, S. F., Daviglus, M. L., Gallo, L. C., Giachello, A. L., Kim, R. S., Lopez, L., Teng, Y., & Penedo, F. J. (2017). Spiritual well-being, religious activity, and the metabolic syndrome: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40(6), 902-912. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-017-9858-7