Splenic injury: A 5-Year update with improved results and changing criteria for conservative management

Richard H. Pearl, David E. Wesson*, Laura J. Spence, Robert M. Filler, Sigmund H. Ein, Barry Shandling, Riccardo A. Superina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The policy of conservative nonoperative management of the injured spleen is reviewed, and recommendations are made to improve this mode of therapy. From 1981 to 1986, 75 patients were admitted with diagnosed splenic injury. Of these, ten were operated on (four splenorrhaphies, three total splenectomies, one partial splenectomy; in two, the spleen had stopped bleeding spontaneously) and three died, all from causes unrelated to splenic trauma. Only 23% of the patients treated nonoperatively required blood transfusions, and the length of both hospital stay and time spent in the ICU was reduced. The results of this review show that, in comparison with our previous 5-year report, the number of patients treated without surgery increased from 70% to 87%, those receiving blood transfusions decreased from 36% to 23%, and the number undergoing a splenectomy decreased from 24% to 4%. These data suggest that almost all children with splenic injury can be successfully treated without an operation, those who are hemodynamically stable do not require ICU care, and the total hospital stay for uncomplicated splenic injury can be limited to seven days. A laparotomy can be safely reserved for patients with immediate massive hemorrhage or with transfusion requirements of >40 mL/kg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-125
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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Splenectomy
Wounds and Injuries
Blood Transfusion
Length of Stay
Spleen
Hemorrhage
Laparotomy
Conservative Treatment
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Splenic injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

Cite this

Pearl, Richard H. ; Wesson, David E. ; Spence, Laura J. ; Filler, Robert M. ; Ein, Sigmund H. ; Shandling, Barry ; Superina, Riccardo A. / Splenic injury : A 5-Year update with improved results and changing criteria for conservative management. In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 1989 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 121-125.
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abstract = "The policy of conservative nonoperative management of the injured spleen is reviewed, and recommendations are made to improve this mode of therapy. From 1981 to 1986, 75 patients were admitted with diagnosed splenic injury. Of these, ten were operated on (four splenorrhaphies, three total splenectomies, one partial splenectomy; in two, the spleen had stopped bleeding spontaneously) and three died, all from causes unrelated to splenic trauma. Only 23{\%} of the patients treated nonoperatively required blood transfusions, and the length of both hospital stay and time spent in the ICU was reduced. The results of this review show that, in comparison with our previous 5-year report, the number of patients treated without surgery increased from 70{\%} to 87{\%}, those receiving blood transfusions decreased from 36{\%} to 23{\%}, and the number undergoing a splenectomy decreased from 24{\%} to 4{\%}. These data suggest that almost all children with splenic injury can be successfully treated without an operation, those who are hemodynamically stable do not require ICU care, and the total hospital stay for uncomplicated splenic injury can be limited to seven days. A laparotomy can be safely reserved for patients with immediate massive hemorrhage or with transfusion requirements of >40 mL/kg.",
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Splenic injury : A 5-Year update with improved results and changing criteria for conservative management. / Pearl, Richard H.; Wesson, David E.; Spence, Laura J.; Filler, Robert M.; Ein, Sigmund H.; Shandling, Barry; Superina, Riccardo A.

In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.1989, p. 121-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The policy of conservative nonoperative management of the injured spleen is reviewed, and recommendations are made to improve this mode of therapy. From 1981 to 1986, 75 patients were admitted with diagnosed splenic injury. Of these, ten were operated on (four splenorrhaphies, three total splenectomies, one partial splenectomy; in two, the spleen had stopped bleeding spontaneously) and three died, all from causes unrelated to splenic trauma. Only 23% of the patients treated nonoperatively required blood transfusions, and the length of both hospital stay and time spent in the ICU was reduced. The results of this review show that, in comparison with our previous 5-year report, the number of patients treated without surgery increased from 70% to 87%, those receiving blood transfusions decreased from 36% to 23%, and the number undergoing a splenectomy decreased from 24% to 4%. These data suggest that almost all children with splenic injury can be successfully treated without an operation, those who are hemodynamically stable do not require ICU care, and the total hospital stay for uncomplicated splenic injury can be limited to seven days. A laparotomy can be safely reserved for patients with immediate massive hemorrhage or with transfusion requirements of >40 mL/kg.

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