Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) selective killing of cancer cells underlines its anticancer potential. However, poor tolerability and resistance underscores the need to identify cancer-selective TRAIL-sensitizing agents. Apigenin, a dietary flavonoid, sensitizes lung cancer cell lines to TRAIL. It remains unknown, however, whether apigenin sensitizes primary lung cancer cells to TRAIL and its underlying mechanisms. Here we show that apigenin reprograms alternative splicing of key TRAIL/death-inducing-signaling-complex (DISC) components: TRAIL Death Receptor 5 (DR5) and cellular-FLICE-inhibitory-protein (c-FLIP) by interacting with the RNA-binding proteins hnRNPA2 and MSI2, resulting in increased DR5 and decreased c-FLIPS protein levels, enhancing TRAIL-induced apoptosis of primary lung cancer cells. In addition, apigenin directly bound heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), promoting TRAIL/DISC assembly and triggering apoptosis. Our findings reveal that apigenin directs alternative splicing and inhibits Hsp70 enhancing TRAIL anticancer activity. These findings underscore impactful synergies between diet and cancer treatments opening new avenues for improved cancer treatments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research