Spontaneous calf hematoma in a patient with diabetic nephropathy receiving maintenance hemodialysis: A case report and review of the literature

Li Xiao, Fengxia Ling, Lihua Tan, Huabing Li, Chun Hu, Ying Luo, Dang Tang, Fuyou Liu, Yashpal S. Kanwar, Lin Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the outcome of a 52-year-old patient with diabetic nephropathy and receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD) using low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) as an anticoagulant for 2 years. He presented right lower limb pain accompanied with difficulty in walking for 2 months, and had no history of bleeding tendency or trauma. Physical examination revealed marked swelling and tenderness on his right lower limb. By ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnoses, the calf hematoma was diagnosed and identified with venous thrombosis. Following treatment with heparin-free HD, the swelling regressed and pain subsided, and a follow-up MRI showed complete dissolution of hematoma. However, similar symptoms recurred in the right upper limb after 2 months without any predisposition, he was just placed on HD with LMWH, and symptoms regressed following the aforementioned therapy. This suggests that HD patients, especially with diabetic nephropathy having extremity hematoma, should be watched for the development of spontaneous hemorrhage that can be differentially diagnosed by imaging tests, such as MRI, and can be effectively treated with heparin-free HD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E49-E53
JournalHemodialysis International
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Hemodialysis
  • Spontaneous calf hematoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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