Spontaneous increase in EVAHEART® pump flow at a constant pump speed during exercise examination

Chitaru Kurihara, Takashi Nishimura*, Kazuhito Imanaka, Shunei Kyo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: Ventricular assist devices have been used for the treatment of severe heart failure. Recently, many types of blood pumps have been developed to reduce major adverse events. EVAHEART® (Sun Medical Technology Research Corporation, Nagano, Japan) is an implantable centrifugal blood pump. In laboratory animal studies, the pump flow of EVA- HEART® increases spontaneously during exercise with no changes in pump control parameters. However, this has not been confirmed clinically. The aim of this study was to analyze EVAHEART® performance during exercise. Patients and methods: Four male patients were implanted with an EVAHEART®. We evaluated the performance of the EVAHEART® during exercise. Fixed pump speeds were maintained during each test. Measurements during exercise were peak load, peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2), pre exercise pump flow, and peak velocity. Results: Pump flow significantly increased from 4.1 ± 0.5 liters per minute (L/min) to 7.2 ± 1.8 L/min during exercise. VO2 increased from 4.0 ± 0.7 milliliters per kilogram per minute (ml/kg/min) to 14.7 ± 3.3 ml/kg/min. Conclusion: These results indicate that EVAHEART® may support severe heart failure patients not only under static but also under dynamic conditions. Pump flow spontaneously increased during exercise at a constant pump speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-518
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2012


  • Implantable centrifugal blood pump
  • Ventricular assist devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Gastroenterology


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