In this report, we have examined the effector T cell repertoire in the spontaneous interstitial nephritis of kdkd mice. Lymph node cells from nephritic kdkd mice are capable of transferring this disease into thymectomized, irradiated, and bone marrow-reconstituted CBA/Ca recipients. CBA/Ca mice do not spontaneously develop interstitial nephritis and are normally resistant to the adoptive transfer of nephritic cells, a resistance that in the short term can be attenuated with low-dose cyclophosphamide. We therefore used delayed-type hypersensitivity responses and direct transfer of immune cells under the renal capsule to characterize nephritogenic effector cells from kdkd donor mice. Lyt-2+, L3T4- T cells from the peripheral lymphoid organs of nephritic kdkd mice, after adoptive transfer into cyclophosphamide-pretreated CBA/Ca recipients, mediate an antigen-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity response to renal tubular basement membrane antigens. These cells are restricted by gene products in H-2K(k); they are also present in nephritic, but not in control kidneys. We have also observed this same phenotypic subpopulation of kdkd lymphocytes mediates a destructive interstitial renal lesion within 7 days of being placed under the kidney capsule of CBA/Ca mice. These findings suggest that T lymphocytes reactive to a parenchymal tubular antigen are of substantial importance in the development of spontaneous interstitial nephritis in kdkd mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 3 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas