Sports and performing arts medicine. 5. Issues relating to musicians.

Santiago D. Toledo*, Scott F. Nadler, Richard N. Norris, Venu Akuthota, David F. Drake, Larry H. Chou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This self-directed learning module discusses classic topics and highlights new advances in this topic area. This article, which discusses upper-limb injuries in musicians, is a section of the study guide on sports and performing arts medicine in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This article uses case vignettes to elaborate on issues relating to musicians. OVERALL ARTICLE OBJECTIVE: To summarize overuse injury, nerve entrapment, and focal dystonia in instrumental musicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S72-74
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number3 Suppl 1
StatePublished - Mar 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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