Sputter-deposited medium-temperature solid oxide fuel cells with multi-layer electrolytes

L. S. Wang*, S. A. Barnett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The deposition, interfacial impedances, and characteristics of solid oxide fluel cells (SOFC) with thin-film multi-layer electrolytes are described. The cell layers - a 1 μm thick AgYSZ cermet cathode, a 15 to 20 μm thick NiYSZ anode - were deposited on porous alumina by reactive magnetron co-sputtering of metal tartgets in ArO2 mixtures. The effect of adding Y-stabilized Bi2O3 (YSB) and Y-doped CeO2 (YDC) layers at the ytria-stabilized-zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte surfaces was investigated. The open circuit voltage of the H2/H2O (3%), NiYSZ / electrolyte / AgYSZ, air fuel cells tested at 750°C was 0.78-0.85 V, less than expected theoretically, indicating some porosity in the electrolyte layers. The cell resistance was 4.5 Ω cm2 for a YSZ electrolyte, due mainly to the electrode interfacial resistances, and the maximum power density was 35 mW / cm2. Adding a 60 nm-thick YSB layer at the YSZ/AgYSZ interface reduced the air electrode resistance from ≈1.4 to 0.45 Ω cm2, leading to an increase in the maximum power density to ≈50 mV/cm2. Adding a 100 nm-thick YDC layer at the NiYSZ/ YSZ interface further increased the maximum power density to 110 mW/cm2 at a cell resistance of 1.6 μ cm2. The three-layer YSB/YSZ/YDC electrolyte thus resulted in a factor-of-three increase in power density over a YSZ electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-276
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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