Squeezing experiments in sodium vapor

Mari W. Maeda, Prem Kumar, Jeffrey H. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


We describe our efforts to observe squeezing, and related nonclassical effects, in three forward four-wave mixing experiments using sodium vapor as a nonlinear medium. In a single-beam experiment with homodyne detection, we found optically phase-sensitive noise, which was radio-frequency phase insensitive, in a cw dye-laser beam that had propagated through sodium vapor. The minima of the phase-sensitive noise were always at or above the coherent-state value. In our forward four-wave mixing experiment with probe-conjugate-beam direct detection and correlation, we found that the sodium-vapor interaction produced positive noise correlation between the probe and conjugate beams. The correlation, however, did not exceed the excess noises on these beams, so that a nonclassical behavior was not demonstrated. Finally, our forward four-wave mixing experiment with probeconjugate- beam combination and homodyne detection did demonstrate the generation of squeezed-state light in our setup. Optically phase-sensitive noise with a minimum falling 4% below the coherent-state level was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1501-1513
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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