Stability in Direct Lateral vs Direct Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Context of Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Dhruv K.C. Goyal*, Srikanth N. Divi, Alexander R. Vaccaro, William J. Hozack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction:Lumbar spinal fusion (LSF) may increase the risk of dislocation in patients who have undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA), especially when the LSF was done before the THA. Most publications evaluated patients who had undergone THA using a posterior approach to the hip, yet there are little data on the influence of other surgical approaches. The goal of this study was to evaluate the risk of THA dislocation with anterior supine-based surgical approaches to the hip in patients who have undergone surgical management of concurrent hip and spine pathology.Methods:Patients older than 18 years who underwent an LSF and THA using a supine approach - either direct anterior (DA) or direct lateral (DL) - between 2000 and 2018 were identified. Only standard bearings (28-32-36-40 mm) were used. The dislocation rate was determined in this cohort. A subsequent analysis was conducted, stratifying patients based on the order in which they received the LSF or THA.Results:A total of 582 surgical hip-spine patients were retrospectively identified and included in the cohort. Of total, 332 patients (57.0%) received an LSF before the THA; 250 (43.0%) had the fusion after a primary hip replacement. There were 143 patients (24.6%) in the DA group and 439 (75.4%) in the DL group. Overall, there were five dislocations (0.9%) in the entire cohort.Conclusions:In patients with simultaneous degenerative hip and lumbar spine pathology, anterior supine-based approaches demonstrate a low (<1%) risk of instability. Given the small number of total dislocation events (n = 5), additional analysis is warranted to assess the effect of different anterior approaches (DA versus DL) or timing of lumbar spinal surgery (before or after THA).Level of Evidence:Level III

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E628-E639
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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