A central feature of integrin interaction with physiologic ligands is the monodentate binding of a ligand carboxylate to a Mg 2+ ion hexacoordinated at the metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS) in the integrin A domain. This interaction stabilizes the A domain in the high-affinity state, which is distinguished from the default low-affinity state by tertiary changes in the domain that culminate in cell adhesion. Small molecule ligand-mimetic integrin antagonists act as partial agonists, eliciting similar activating conformational changes in the A domain, which has contributed to paradoxical adhesion and increased patient mortality in large clinical trials. As with other ligand-mimetic integrin antagonists, the function-blocking mAb 107 binds MIDAS of integrin CD11b/CD18 A domain (CD11bA), but in contrast, it favors the inhibitory Ca 2+ ion over the Mg 2+ ion at MIDAS. We determined the crystal structures of the Fab fragment of mAb 107 complexed to the low- and high-affinity states of CD11bA. Favored binding of the Ca 2+ ion at MIDAS is caused by the unusual symmetric bidentate ligation of a Fab-derived ligand Asp to a heptacoordinated MIDAS Ca 2+ ion. Binding of the Fab fragment of mAb 107 to CD11bA did not trigger the activating tertiary changes in the domain or in the full-length integrin. These data show that the denticity of the ligand Asp/Glu can modify the divalent cation selectivity at MIDAS and hence integrin function. Stabilizing the Ca 2+ ion at MIDAS by bidentate ligation to a ligand Asp/Glu may provide one approach for designing pure integrin antagonists.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy