Stable, low polarization resistance solid oxide fuel cell anodes: La 1-xSrxCr1-xFexO3-δ (x = 0.2-0.67)

Daniel E. Fowler, Jacob M. Haag, Claire Boland, David M. Bierschenk, Scott A Barnett, Kenneth Poeppelmeier*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The perovskite series, La1-xSrxCr 1-xFexO3-δ (x = 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.67, LSCrFe), was synthesized and examined as both single phase and LSCrFe-Gd 0.1Ce0.9O2-β (GDC) composite solid oxide fuel cell anodes in full cells with La0.9Sr0.1Ga 0.8Mg0.2O3-μ/La0.4Ce 0.6O2 bilayer electrolytes. Each anode demonstrated marked improvement in polarization resistance compared to prior studies on Fe-free La1-xSrxCrO3-δ-based anodes and in stability compared to studies on more Fe-rich compositions. Higher Fe content anodes yielded lower polarization resistances, with the x = 0.67 anodes obtaining resistances of 0.275 ··cm2 for LSCrFe and 0.333 ··cm2 for LSCrFe-GDC in humidified H2 at 800 °C. The lower polarization resistance with increasing Fe content can be attributed to oxygen loss, which introduces significant ionic conductivity into these perovskites. Substitution of an intermediate amount of Fe and Sr into the perovskites can thus optimize anode performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3113-3120
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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