Stable mixed hematopoietic chimerism in dog leukocyte antigen-identical littermate dogs given lymph node irradiation before and pharmacologic immunosuppression after marrow transplantation

Rainer Storb*, Cong Yu, Todd Barnett, John L. Wagner, H. Joachim Deeg, Richard A. Nash, Hans Peter Kiem, Peter McSweeney, Kristy Seidel, George Georges, J. Maciej Zaucha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stable mixed donor/host hematopoietic chimerism can be accomplished in dog leukocyte antigen (DLA)-identical littermate dogs given sublethal (200 cGy) total-body irradiation (TBI) before and immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and cyclosporine (CSP) after transplant (Blood 89:3048, 1997). Studies were based on the hypothesis that drugs that prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after transplant also suppress host-versus- graft (HVG) reactions and thereby enhance engraftment. Here, we asked whether pretransplant TBI provided marrow space for the graft to home or caused host immunosuppression. To address the questions, recipients were given pretransplant irradiation to cervical, thoracic, and abdominal lymph nodes (except pelvis), DLA-identical littermate marrow grafts, and MMF/CSP posttransplant. Six dogs that received 450 cGy irradiation showed initial engraftment. Two rejected their grafts after 8 and 18 weeks, 1 died with GVHD and engraftment, and 3 are alive as mixed chimeras after 57 to 97 weeks. Four dogs given 200 cGy irradiation also showed initial engraftment, but rejected their grafts after 10 to 18 weeks. Mixed chimerism was present in nonirradiated marrow and lymph node spaces and involved granulocytes, T cells, and monocytes. While other explanations are possible, results seem consistent with the hypothesis that pretransplant radiation provides host immunosuppression, and grafts can create their own marrow space. These data set the stage for the development of novel transplant regimens that substitute immunosuppressive for cytotoxic agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1131-1136
Number of pages6
JournalBlood
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology

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