Standards in anterior spine surgery in pediatric patients with neuromuscular scoliosis

Vishal Sarwahi, John F. Sarwark*, Michael F. Schafer, Carl Backer, Michael Lee, Erik C.B. King, Afshin Aminian, John J. Grayhack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The authors reviewed 111 patients with neuromuscular disease who underwent anterior spine surgery for correction of scoliosis. An overall complication rate of 44.1% was found, 21.6% major and 22.5% minor. Pulmonary complications were the most common major complications, urinary tract infections the most common minor complications. The rate of complications was greater in patients with cerebral palsy, thoracoabdominal and transthoracic approaches, staged procedures, operative blood loss <1,000 mL, or previous spine surgery. In addition, statistical analysis confirmed that curve magnitude <100° degrees was a risk factor for complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-760
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Anterior spine surgery
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis
  • Pediatric spine surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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