State-of-the-art considerations in small cell lung cancer brain metastases

Rimas Vincas Lukas*, Vinai Gondi, David O. Kamson, Priya U Kumthekar, Ravi Salgia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) frequently leads to development of brain metastases. These unfortunately continue to be associated with short survival. Substantial advances have been made in our understanding of the underlying biology of disease. This understanding on the background of previously evaluated and currently utilized therapeutic treatments can help guide the next steps in investigations into this disease with the potential to influence future treatments. Design: A comprehensive review of the literature covering epidemiology, pathophysiology, imaging characteristics, prognosis, and therapeutic management of SCLC brain metastases was performed. Results: SCLC brain metastases continue to have a poor prognosis. Both unique aspects of SCLC brain metastases as well as features seen more universally across other solid tumor brain metastases are discussed. Systemic therapeutic studies and radiotherapeutic approaches are reviewed. Conclusions: A clearer understanding of SCLC brain metastases will help lay the framework for studies which will hopefully translate into meaningful therapeutic options for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71223-71233
Number of pages11
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Chemotherapy
  • Pathophysiology
  • Radiation therapy
  • Small cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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