State of the art in treatment of facial paralysis with temporalis tendon transfer

Douglas M. Sidle*, Patrick Simon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: Temporalis tendon transfer is a technique for dynamic facial reanimation. Since its inception, nearly 80 years ago, it has undergone a wealth of innovation to produce the modern operation. The purpose of this review is to update the literature as to the current techniques and perioperative management of patients undergoing temporalis tendon transfer. Recent Findings: The modern technique focuses on the minimally invasive approaches and aesthetic refinements to enhance the final product of the operation. The newest techniques as well as preoperative assessment and postoperative rehabilitation are discussed. Summary: When temporalis tendon transfer is indicated for facial reanimation, the modern operation offers a refined technique that produces an aesthetically acceptable outcome. Preoperative smile assessment and postoperative smile rehabilitation are necessary and are important adjuncts to a successful operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-364
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • facial paralysis
  • facial reanimation
  • temporalis tendon transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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