State of the science for cardiovascular nursing outcomes: Heart failure

Christi Deaton, Kathleen L. Grady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The incidence of heart failure is increasing because of the progressive aging of the population and improved survival from cardiovascular disease. This article synthesizes the state of the science of nurse sensitive outcomes in heart failure treated medically or surgically and provides recommendations for building the science. Outcomes studied include mortality, morbidity, resource use, quality of life, symptoms, physical function, return to work, and self-care and compliance behavior. Gaps in the literature are identified and recommendations for future research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-338
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004


  • Heart failure
  • Heart transplantation
  • Left ventricular assist devices
  • Outcomes
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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