Statistical Analysis of the Performance of PMD Compensators Using Multiple Importance Sampling

A. O. Lima*, I. T. Lima, C. R. Menyuk, G. Biondini, B. S. Marks, W. L. Kath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


In this letter, we evaluate the performance of fixed and variable differential group delay (DGD) polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) compensators as the first- and second-order PMD varies using multiple importance sampling. We show that importance sampling yields estimates of the average penalty with low variance over the entire region of interest of first- and second-order PMD. We also show that there is little advantage in using a compensator with a variable-DGD element and that the performance of a compensator that minimizes the residual DGD at the central frequency of the channel is considerably worse than a compensator that maximizes the eye opening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1716-1718
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Monte Carlo methods
  • Optical communications
  • Outage probability
  • Polarization-mode dispersion (PMD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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