TY - JOUR

T1 - Steady and Pulsating Modes of Sequential Flame Propagation

AU - Margolis, Stephen B.

AU - Matkowsky, Bernard J.

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Research Office, and the Office of Naval Research.

PY - 1982/3/1

Y1 - 1982/3/1

N2 - Steady and pulsating modes of flame propagation through a premixed combustible mixture are studied for the case in which the flame is characterized by the sequential production and depletion of a significant intermediate species. We employ the method of matched asymptotic expansions to derive a model valid for large activation energies, and show that the pulsating solution is the result of a supercritical Hopf bifurcation from the steadily propagating solution (which becomes unstable). Through a nonlinear bifurcation analysis, we calculate the pulsation amplitude and other characteristics of the flame along the bifurcated branch. It is shown that the average thickness of the pulsating flame, by which we mean the average effective separation distance between production and depletion of the intermediate species, is greater than that predicted by a steady-state theory. In addition, we find that the mean propagation speed is less than that of the steadily propagating solution, but that the instantaneous peak concentration of the intermediate species is a constant equal to its steady-state value.

AB - Steady and pulsating modes of flame propagation through a premixed combustible mixture are studied for the case in which the flame is characterized by the sequential production and depletion of a significant intermediate species. We employ the method of matched asymptotic expansions to derive a model valid for large activation energies, and show that the pulsating solution is the result of a supercritical Hopf bifurcation from the steadily propagating solution (which becomes unstable). Through a nonlinear bifurcation analysis, we calculate the pulsation amplitude and other characteristics of the flame along the bifurcated branch. It is shown that the average thickness of the pulsating flame, by which we mean the average effective separation distance between production and depletion of the intermediate species, is greater than that predicted by a steady-state theory. In addition, we find that the mean propagation speed is less than that of the steadily propagating solution, but that the instantaneous peak concentration of the intermediate species is a constant equal to its steady-state value.

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U2 - 10.1080/00102208208946988

DO - 10.1080/00102208208946988

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0019927650

VL - 27

SP - 193

EP - 213

JO - Combustion Science and Technology

JF - Combustion Science and Technology

SN - 0010-2202

IS - 5-6

ER -