Steatohepatitis develops rapidly in transgenic mice overexpressing Abcb11 and fed a methionine-choline-deficient diet

Shikha S. Sundaram, Peter F. Whitington, Richard M. Green*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common reason for abnormal liver chemistries in the United States. The factors that lead from benign steatosis to nonalcoholic, steatohepatitis are poorly understood. Transthyretin-Abcb11 (TTR-Abcb11) transgenic mice overexpress the bile salt transporter Abcb11 and hypersecrete biliary lipids. Thus the aim of this study is to employ feeding of the methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet to TTR-Abcb11 transgenic mice to further determine the mechanisms responsible for the development of steatohepatitis. FVB/NJ and TTR-Abcb11 mice were fed control or MCD diets for up to 30 days. Serum aminotransferase levels, serum and hepatic triglyceride content, cytokines, markers of oxidative stress, and expression of selective genes were examined. MCD diet-fed TTR-Abcb11, but not wild-type, mice have elevated serum amino-transferase levels when compared after 7 days. They also have significantly lower hepatic triglyceride levels at all time points studied. After 14 days on the MCD diet, TTR-Abcb11 mice have 3-fold increases in TNF-α mRNA and 3.9-fold increases in IL-6 mRNA compared with FVB/NJ mice. TTR-Abcb11 mice also had a greater increase in cytochrome P-450 2E1 expression. A greater decrease in sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c and fatty acid synthase mRNA expression was also seen in TTR-Abcb11 compared with wild-type mice fed an MCD diet. They also have enhanced TNF-α, IL-6, and cytochrome P-450 2E1 expression. We conclude that TTR-Abcb11 mice develop a more rapid hepatitis with less steatosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G1321-G1327
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume288
Issue number6 51-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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