In this paper we study the evolution of a primordial black hole binary (BHB) in a sample of over 1500 direct-summation N-body simulations of small- and intermediate-size isolated star clusters as proxies of Galactic open clusters. The BHBs have masses in the range of the first LIGO/Virgo detections. Some of our models show a significant hardening of the BHB in a relatively short time. Some of them merge within the cluster, while ejected binaries, typically, have exceedingly long merger time-scales. The perturbation of stars around BHB systems is key to induce their coalescence. The BHBs which merge in the cluster could be detected with a delay of a few years between space detectors, as future LISA, and ground-based ones, due to their relatively high eccentricity. Under our assumptions, we estimate a BHB merger rate of Rmrg ~ 2 yr-1 Gpc-3. We see that in many cases the BHB triggers tidal disruption events which, however, are not linked to the GW emission. Open cluster-like systems are, hence, a promising environment for GWs from BHBs and tidal disruptions.
- Black hole physics - gravitational waves - stars
- Black holes - stars
- Kinematics and dynamics - open clusters and associations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science