STELLAR RADIAL VELOCITIES in the OLD OPEN CLUSTER M67 (NGC 2682). I. MEMBERSHIPS, BINARIES, and KINEMATICS

Aaron M. Geller, David W. Latham, Robert D. Mathieu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present results from 13776 radial-velocity (RV) measurements of 1278 candidate members of the old (4 Gyr) open cluster M67 (NGC 2682). The measurements are the results of a long-term survey that includes data from seven telescopes with observations for some stars spanning over 40 years. For narrow-lined stars, RVs are measured with precisions ranging from about 0.1 to 0.8 km s-1. The combined stellar sample reaches from the brightest giants in the cluster down to about 4 mag below the main-sequence turnoff (), covering a mass range of about 1.34 to 0.76 . Spatially, the sample extends to a radus of 30 arcmin (7.4 pc in projection at a distance of 850 pc or 6-7 core radii). We find M67 to have a mean RV of km s-1 (with an internal precision of 0.03 km s-1) well separated from the mean velocity of the field. For stars with measurements, we derive RV membership probabilities and identify RV variables, finding 562 cluster members, 142 of which show significant RV variability. We use these cluster members to construct a color-magnitude diagram and identify a rich sample of stars that lie far from the standard single star isochrone, including the well-known blue stragglers, sub-subgiants and yellow giants. These exotic stars have a binary frequency of (at least) 80%, more than three times that detected for stars in the remainder of the sample. We confirm that the cluster is mass segregated, finding the binaries to be more centrally concentrated than the single stars in our sample at the 99.8% confidence level (and at the 98.7% confidence level when only considering main-sequence stars). The blue stragglers are centrally concentrated as compared to the solar-type main-sequence single stars in the cluster at the 99.7% confidence level. Accounting for measurement precision, we derive an RV dispersion in M67 of 0.80 ±0.04 km s-1 for our sample of single main-sequence stars, subgiants and giants with . When corrected for undetected binaries, this sample yields a true RV dispersion of km s-1. The radial distribution of the velocity dispersion is consistent with an isothermal distribution within our stellar sample. Using the cluster RV dispersion, we estimate a virial mass for the cluster of .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number97
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume150
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • blue stragglers
  • methods: observational
  • open clusters and associations: individual (NGC 2682)
  • spectroscopic
  • stars: kinematics and dynamics
  • techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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