Stepping on the Gas to a Circular Economy: Accelerating Development of Carbon-Negative Chemical Production from Gas Fermentation

Nick Fackler, Bjodiern D. Heijstra, Blake J. Rasor, Hunter Brown, Jacob Martin, Zhuofu Ni, Kevin M. Shebek, Rick R. Rosin, Seacutean D. Simpson, Keith E. Tyo, Richard J. Giannone, Robert L. Hettich, Timothy J. Tschaplinski, Ching Leang, Steven D. Brown, Michael C. Jewett, Michael Kodiepke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Owing to rising levels of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere and oceans, climate change poses significant environmental, economic, and social challenges globally. Technologies that enable carbon capture and conversion of greenhouse gases into useful products will help mitigate climate change by enabling a new circular carbon economy. Gas fermentation usingcarbon-fixing microorganisms offers an economically viable and scalable solution with unique feedstock and product flexibility that has been commercialized recently. We review the state of the art of gas fermentation and discuss opportunities to accelerate future development and rollout. We discuss the current commercial process for conversion of waste gases to ethanol, including the underlying biology, challenges in process scale-up, and progress on genetic tool development and metabolic engineering to expand the product spectrum. We emphasize key enabling technologies to accelerate strain development for acetogens and other nonmodel organisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-470
Number of pages32
JournalAnnual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 7 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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