Stereotactic radiosurgery yields long-term control for benign intradural, extramedullary spinal tumors

Sean Sachdev, Robert L. Dodd, Steven D. Chang, Scott G. Soltys, John R. Adler, Gary Luxton, Clara Y H Choi, Laurie Tupper, Iris C. Gibbs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of benign intracranial lesions is well established. Although a growing body of evidence supports its role in the treatment of malignant spinal lesions, a much less extensive dataset exists for treatment of benign spinal tumors. Objective: To examine the safety and efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of benign, intradural extramedullary spinal tumors. Methods: From 1999 to 2008, 87 patients with 103 benign intradural extramedullary spinal tumors (32 meningiomas, 24 neurofibromas, and 47 schwannomas) were treated with stereotactic radiosurgery at Stanford University Medical Center. Forty-three males and 44 females had a median age of 53 years (range, 12-86). Twenty-five patients had neurofibromatosis. Treatment was delivered in 1 to 5 sessions (median, 2) with a mean prescription dose of 19.4 Gy (range, 14-30 Gy) to an average tumor volume of 5.24 cm (range, 0.049-54.52 cm). Results: After a mean radiographic follow-up period of 33 months (range, 6-87), including 21 lesions followed for ≥ 48 months, 59% were stable, 40% decreased in size, and a single tumor (1%) increased in size. Clinically, 91%, 67%, and 86% of meningiomas, neurofibromas, and schwannomas, respectively, were symptomatically stable to improved at last follow-up. One patient with a meningioma developed a new, transient myelopathy at 9 months, although the tumor was smaller at last follow-up. Conclusion: As a viable alternative to microsurgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery provides safe and efficacious long-term control of benign intradural, extramedullary spinal tumors with a low rate of complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-539
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Meningioma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Radiosurgery
  • Schwannoma
  • Spinal tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Sachdev, S., Dodd, R. L., Chang, S. D., Soltys, S. G., Adler, J. R., Luxton, G., Choi, C. Y. H., Tupper, L., & Gibbs, I. C. (2011). Stereotactic radiosurgery yields long-term control for benign intradural, extramedullary spinal tumors. Neurosurgery, 69(3), 533-539. https://doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0b013e318218db23