STING agonist-loaded, CD47/PD-L1-targeting nanoparticles potentiate antitumor immunity and radiotherapy for glioblastoma

Peng Zhang*, Aida Rashidi, Junfei Zhao, Caylee Silvers, Hanxiang Wang, Brandyn Castro, Abby Ellingwood, Yu Han, Aurora Lopez-Rosas, Markella Zannikou, Crismita Dmello, Rebecca Levine, Ting Xiao, Alex Cordero, Adam M. Sonabend, Irina V. Balyasnikova, Catalina Lee-Chang, Jason Miska*, Maciej S. Lesniak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

As a key component of the standard of care for glioblastoma, radiotherapy induces several immune resistance mechanisms, such as upregulation of CD47 and PD-L1. Here, leveraging these radiotherapy-elicited processes, we generate a bridging-lipid nanoparticle (B-LNP) that engages tumor-associated myeloid cells (TAMCs) to glioblastoma cells via anti-CD47/PD-L1 dual ligation. We show that the engager B-LNPs block CD47 and PD-L1 and promote TAMC phagocytic activity. To enhance subsequent T cell recruitment and antitumor responses after tumor engulfment, the B-LNP was encapsulated with diABZI, a non-nucleotidyl agonist for stimulator of interferon genes. In vivo treatment with diABZI-loaded B-LNPs induced a transcriptomic and metabolic switch in TAMCs, turning these immunosuppressive cells into antitumor effectors, which induced T cell infiltration and activation in brain tumors. In preclinical murine models, B-LNP/diABZI administration synergized with radiotherapy to promote brain tumor regression and induce immunological memory against glioma. In summary, our study describes a nanotechnology-based approach that hijacks irradiation-triggered immune checkpoint molecules to boost potent and long-lasting antitumor immunity against glioblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1610
JournalNature communications
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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