Strain analysis of composites by moiré methods - Procedures and results using conventional and fringe-multiplication techniques are described and illustrated

I. M. Daniel*, R. E. Rowlands, D. Post

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Moiré techniques were developed, adapted and applied to the determination of strain fields in filamentary composite laminates. Conventional techniques, using 1000 line-per-inch (Ipi) arrays bonded or photoprinted onto the specimen, were applied to glass-epoxy and boron-epoxy specimens with holes and cracks. Techniques for tenfold fringe multiplication were also applied to glass-epoxy and boron-epoxy laminates with holes. A reflective surface of glass-like smoothness was produced on the specimen and a 500 dot-per-inch grid photoprinted on it. A rigid distortion-free camera was used for recording replicas of the specimen grid by projection photography. These replicas were analyzed with a 200 line-per-millimeter (5080 Ipi) grating for reconstruction of moiré-fringe patterns. These patterns were analyzed by graphical and mechanical differentiation using second-order moiré. Strain distributions and strain-concentration factors were in very good agreement with theoretical and other experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Mechanics
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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