The in-plane interface magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) of fcc Co (110), either as a free standing monolayer or as an overlayer on a Cu substrate, is investigated using the local density all-electron full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method. We find an in-plane MCA which has the same order of magnitude as the perpendicular MCA, and which exhibits a significant twofold anisotropy. The results for free standing monolayers calculated with different lattice constants reveal that (i) the strength of the in-plane MCA is severely changed by the strain — introducing an 8% strain (relative to the Cu lattice constant) induces a five times larger in-plane MCA — and (ii) the change of band structure due to the strain plays an important role in determining the in-plane MCA. The strength of the in-plane MCA is found to be largely enhanced by the nonmagnetic Cu substrate while it is reduced by the structural relaxation. Interestingly, for all systems the in-plane easy axis is found to lie along (Formula presented)], which is along the direction of the in-plane nearest neighbor atom.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics