Strain-induced giant second-harmonic generation in monolayered 2 H -MoX2 (X = S, Se, Te)

S. H. Rhim, Yong Soo Kim, A. J. Freeman

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Dynamic second-order nonlinear susceptibilities, χ(2)(2ω,ω,ω) χ(2)(ω), are calculated here within a fully first-principles scheme for monolayered molybdenum dichalcogenides, 2H-MoX2 (X = S, Se, and Te). The absolute values of χ(2)(ω) across the three chalcogens critically depend on the band gap energies upon uniform strain, yielding the highest χ(2)(0)∼140 pm/V for MoTe2 in the static limit. Under this uniform in-plane stress, 2H-MoX2 can undergo direct-to-indirect transition of band gaps, which in turn substantially affects χ(2)(ω). The tunability of χ(2)(ω) by either compressive or tensile strain is demonstrated especially for two important experimental wavelengths, 1064 nm and 800 nm, where resonantly enhanced non-linear effects can be exploited: χ(2) of MoSe2 and MoTe2 approach ∼800 pm/V with -2% strain at 1064 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number241908
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 14 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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